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What Is An ENT?

What is an ENT?

An ENT is an ear, nose, and throat doctor also called an Otolaryngologist (pronounced oh-toe-lair-in-goll-oh-jist). It is the oldest medical specialty in the United States. ENTs specialize in the medical and surgical management and treatment of diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat, head, and neck. As any other doctors, they must receive a medical degree along with specialized post-graduate training; this usually takes up to 15 years of education. In order to practice their specialty, they must earn certification from the American Board of Otolaryngology through a rigorous examination. Some ENTs go even further to pursue more extensive training in up to seven subspecialties.

ENT Subspecialties:

  • Pediatric Otolaryngology – disorders in children (birth defects and developmental delays)
  • Otology/Neurotology – disorders of the ear (trauma injury, cancer, and nerve pathway disorders)
  • Allergy – manage and treat allergies by medication, trigger management, and/or immunotherapy
  • Facial Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery – cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive surgical treatment of abnormalities of the face and neck
  • Head & Neck – tumors of the head and neck
  • Laryngology – disorders of the throat (voice box disorders, swallowing problems, hoarseness, gastroesophageal reflux disease)
  • Rhinology – disorders of the nose and sinuses (nose bleeds, sinus infections, smell disorders)

Conditions They Treat:

ENT doctors treat a wide variety of head and neck disorders, some of which are not mentioned above. If you have noticed any symptoms of ear, nose, or throat disorders, an Otolaryngologist will help you get to the bottom of it and come up with a personalized treatment plan. Each year, new advances emerge in the field of Otolaryngology, giving relief to millions of patients.

ENTs pride themselves as being a part of a health conscious community. They help us hear, speak, smell, taste, and sleep; things that many of us take for granted until they are compromised. So the next time you enjoy the smell of the earth after a spring rain, the taste of a delicious dinner, or the sound of your favorite music, thank an ENT for dedicating their life to such an important practice.