Hearing loss can be caused by many different factors, some of which can be treated using medicine or surgery. The course of treatment depends on the underlying cause of hearing loss.
Three types of hearing loss:
- Sensorineural hearing loss: this type of hearing loss is caused by damage to the inner ear. This is also referred to as “nerve loss,” and can occur in adults and children.
- Conductive hearing loss: this type of hearing loss occurs if there is damage to the outer ear, ear canal, eardrum, or tiny bones of hearing, called ossicles (malleus, incus, stapes).
- Mixed hearing loss: this type of hearing loss is a combination of sensorineural and conductive hearing loss. Damage to the outer ear or middle ear, as well as damage to the inner ear, will result in a mixed hearing loss.